IMEKO Event Proceedings Search

Page 3 of 938 Results 21 - 30 of 9371

Antonio Donato, Alex De Salvo, Michal Novàk, Marie Novàkovà, Silvestro Antonio Ruffolo, Mauro La Russa, Andrea Macchia, Michela Ricca
Conservation of Underwater Cultural Heritage: preliminary coatings testing within the TECTONIC project

Underwater Cultural Heritage (UCH) encompasses all traces of human existence found beneath the water's surface, such as shipwrecks, submerged structures, and various archaeological sites. Preserving UCH presents numerous challenges due to the distinctive environmental conditions, difficulties associated with accessing and working in underwater environments, and the potential risks posed by natural forces and human activities. The TECTONIC project aims to foster collaboration between academic and non-academic professionals, facilitating the exchange of skills and expertise. The project's objective is to implement, enhance, and evaluate innovative materials, techniques, tools, and methodologies for the protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage. Within this context, the University of Calabria (Italy) and Synpo akciova spolecnost (Czech Republic) are collaborating on technology and scientific exchanges to develop an underwater coating with antifouling properties suitable for safeguarding underwater cultural heritage.

Immacolata Ditaranto, Fiorella De Luca, Pasquale Merola, Ilaria Miccoli, Giuseppe Scardozzi
Multitemporal aerial and satellite images for the study of the ancient city of Albania: remote sensing application at Apollonia and Phoenike

Thanks to the analysis of some recent satellite images, within a CNR-ISPC research project aimed at the realization of a Historical Aerotopographic Atlas of the ancient city of Albania, it is possible to present a preliminary study of two important ancient cities of Albania, Apollonia and Phoenike, aimed at enhancing some aspects of urban topography. In particular, historical space photos and recent satellite images were particularly useful for identifying traces likely to refer to buried buildings or parts of buildings, in sectors of archaeological areas where archaeological excavations have not yet been conducted.

Dora Francesca Barbolla, Veronica Ferrari, Ivan Ferrari, Francesco Giuri, Ilaria Miccoli, Giovanni Leucci, Giuseppe Scardozzi
Geophysical investigation at the St. Maria del Monacato di Villa Eucheria (Frosinone, Italy)

The monastery of St Maria di Palazzolo was built on the foundation slab of an imposing Roman villa dating back to the 2nd-1st century BC. In March 2023 a geophysical survey campaign was undertaken to identify the buried remains of the villa and direct the excavations.

Lara De Giorgi, Immacolata Ditaranto, Giovanni Leucci, Ilaria Miccoli, Giuseppe Scardozzi
Geophysical investigation at the Roman Amphitheatre (Lecce, Italy)

Lecce s historical character is expressed by its historical centre, rich in cultural and architectural marvels of the past. However, the symbol of Lecce s ancient origins is the Roman amphitheatre in St. Oronzo square, the core of the city. The amphitheatre was discovered during the construction of the building of the Bank of Italy by some workers in the early 900. In order to have pieces of information related to the structure of the amphitheatre, geophysical surveys were undertaken inside and outside it. In this paper, some of the interesting results obtained will be presented.

Francesco Giuri, Giorgia Di Fusco, Ivan Ferrari, Annalisa Malerba, Antonio Monte, Giovanni Quarta
From knowledge to conservation: the hypogeum trappeto of Melpignano (LE, Apulia, Italy)

The paper illustrates the first results of a study on an ancient production site of the industrial heritage of the Terra d'Otranto in South Italy: the trappeto of Melpignano in province of Lecce. It is an hypogeum oil mill for the production of oil for lighting. To understand the history of architectural transformations that involved the site over time a careful historical-archival research and a campaign of 3D architectural surveys using laser scanners and digital photogrammetry were carried out. Furthermore, a specific diagnostic survey, consisting in mapping of main alteration patterns, sampling and scientific analyses of materials and their alteration products was carried; all obtained data are useful for the following restoration and conservation project.

Maurizio Delli Santi
The digital database of dovecote towers in Salento (Southern Italy)

The potential of GIS applications has been successfully applied in the most diverse fields for years, starting from urban planning to geology, from agriculture to cultural heritage, and from engineering to architecture. Through GIS systems, territorial information can be entered in a single container that allows not only to save and preserve them but also to study and process them. This GIS for the systematic filing of the dovecotes present in Salento in Puglia, implements GIS analysis technologies. With them the common characteristics of the architectures are immediately highlighted, thus creating tables which, converted into special formats, dynamically connect the artefacts and the thematic segments: a precious source for an innovative analysis tool, in terms of conservative recovery and subsequent enhancement of the entire system of dovecotes present in Salento.

Vincenzo Di Fiore, Michele Punzo, Daniela Tarallo, Maria Elisa Amadasi, Giovanni Leucci
Geophysical surveys at the Roman Aqueduct Aqua Virgo (Roma, Italy)

Aqua Virgo is the oldest Roman aqueduct still functioning in the city of Rome. It has never stopped working and still today it supplies some of the most famous fountains of the capital. The aqueduct was inaugurated in 19 B.C. and presents an almost entirely subterranean route. Geophysical measurements were undertaken with the aims to acquire further data about the water intake system of Aqua Virgo in Salone. The ancient aqueduct did not catch the water only from one single source but from a complex of springs and feeder channels located in the area. This project intents to bring light on the possible connections between the main underground specus of Aqua Virgo and its tributary channels, many of which are still unknown. The objectives are detecting and localising the underground feeder channels referring to the existing cartography of the area and to the airshafts visible on the surface. Once the conduits have been recorded using geophysical prospections, the further aim is to understand their dimensions, their constructive features, and their depth from the surface.

Ivan Ferrari, Francesco Giuri, Maurizio Lazzari
The Roman amphitheater of Venosa (Basilicata, southern Italy): 3D survey and reconstruction

The Roman amphitheater of Venosa (Potenza, southern Italy) is one of the experimental sites chosen as part of the IDEHA project (Innovation for Data Processing in Heritage Areas) in the Basilicata region, of which the CNR ISPC was scientific coordinator. This contribution presents the new results of the research more closely linked to the technical and constructive aspects of the monument, achieved starting from the instrumental survey performed with integrated techniques of laser scanning and digital photogrammetry. The metric data collected was integrated with those no longer visible that emerged during the archaeological excavation campaigns, which took place in 1841, 1925 and then in the 1980s and from a careful reconnaissance of the collapsed architectural elements present in situ. Despite the poor conditions of the wall structures, subject to centuries of abandonment and spoliations, it was possible to develop a reconstructive proposal for the amphitheater, with the creation of a three-dimensional model in which they critically merged all the collected data.

Annalisa Capurso, Lara De Giorgi, Ivan Ferrari, Francesco Giuri, Giovanni Leucci
Geophysical investigation at Castle of Canossa

Canossa Castle is located in a commune of Canossa 18 km (11 mi) South of Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia province of Italy. Canossa Castle was constructed in 940 by Adalberto Atto, son of Sigifredo of Lucca. Lombard chieftains needed this strategic hill to defend their lands against intrusions of other barbarian tribes. Subsequent improvements made the stronghold one of the best defended castles in the country. Canossa Castle became particularly famous as a site of reconciliation between king Henry IV and Roman pope Gregory VII during Investiture Controversy in 1077.
In order to planned excavations in the area close to the Castle geophysical surveys were undertaken in the spring of 2022. In this paper, the interesting results will be presented.

Lara De Giorgi, Dora Francesca Barbolla, Chiara Torre, Giovanni Leucci
Instability assessment of Grotta della Poesia (Lecce, Italy)

The instability of the hypogean archaeological site named Grotta della Poesia, was studied by combing geological and geophysical methods. The inside geometry of fractures and the physical parameters of the surrounding and underground materials were the primary objectives of the geophysical survey. 2D seismic tomography and 2D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) were combined to make a first diagnosis. First seismic data were acquired along one horizontal profile delimited by the line of the sources inside the cave and the receiver lying on the ground surface. ERT profile was overlapped with the seismic profile but the electrodes were placed on the ground surface. The interpretation of integrated geophysical data resulted in evaluating some of the rock mass parameters such as the rock quality designation, linear fracture density and fracture density.

Page 3 of 938 Results 21 - 30 of 9371