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H. M. Moțit, P. Mate
Developments by a new flow measurement structure based on reaction force. Extended reaction flowmeters

There are presented the developments ensured by a new worldwide flow measurement structure, based on the reaction force, "the extended reaction flowmeter" ,elaborated by the first author, the subject matter of the patent application filed with European Patent Office EP 21020546, together other reaction flowmeters without moving parts.Initially are synthetically reitered the constructive and structural specificities of "the extended reaction flowmeters" (shortly "ERF").Then, starting from the facilities offered by the specific structural scheme of the ERF, significant simplified compared to that of the known compound flowmeters, are presented the developments offered by the using of this new flow measurement structure based on reaction force, by describing the improuved results achieved by two constructive variants of ERF, regarding the binomial of the two essential features (turndown and accuracy, interrelated of the flowmeters, by achieving a large extension of the turndown to very important values, correlated with an optimal range of the accuracy values.

Hu Wenqing, Xu Zhipeng, Zhang Gaoming, Guo Jing
Investigation of the pVTt Gas Flow Standard with Active Thermal Compensation

pVTt has been employed as the primary gas flow standard in many countries due to its unique advantages like high accuracy, simple structure, low maintenance, etc. However, its calibration efficiency is relatively low because of the long stabilization time of intake and outtake procedures. To reduce the stabilization time, a novel pVTt gas flow standard with active thermal compensation was proposed. Above all, structure andprinciple of the new pVTt standard device was introduced. Subsequently, the numerical simulation was performed to investigate the influence of thermal compensation. Finally, experiments were carried out, and results showed that the stabilization time after intake completion could be reduced from ten minutes to one minute, which means calibration efficiency was improved a great deal.

K. F. Zhang, S. Zhang, B. Gao, W. H. Zhou, L. S. Yang
Study on the relationship between the size change and the measured flow value of the Parshall flumes open channel weir tank flowmeter

At present, as an important measuring instrument for measuring sewage discharge, the principle of open channel flowmeter is the functional relationship between liquid level and flow. By measuring the liquid level of water flow in the tank, and then according to the flow value of the relationship between liquid level and flow in the corresponding Parshall flume, therefore, the accuracy of Parshall flume size is closely related to its measurement accuracy. In this paper, we introduce a kind of adjustable size of Parshall flume. Through experiments, we find out the relationship between the flow rate and the standard flow rate under different sizes, and then use the method of multiple regression to fit the correction equation.

Xuejing Li, Xinhong Yao, Yuan Jin, Haiyang Li
A Numerical Study on the Influence of Temperature on the Measurement Performance of Lead-bismuth Electromagnetic-flowmeter

Liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) is one of the preferred materials for accelerator driven subcritical(ADS) transmutation targets and coolants in fourth-generation nuclear reactors. Due to the complex and interacting physical and chemical factors in the measurement process of LBE in high temperature operating environment, it is very difficult to control the flow and on-line calibration, resulting in the slow development of LBE flow meter technology, which hinders the fourth Generation nuclear reactor technology development. Electromagnetic flowmeter is currently recognized as one of the most suitable LBE flow measuring instruments in the world. In this paper, the measurement characteristics of LBE electromagnetic flowmeter at high temperature are numerically analyzed and studied, the influence of temperature on magnetic field strength and flow field distribution is quantitatively given, and the measurement linearity of LBE electromagnetic flowmeter is analyzed. The research conclusions provide a certain reference for the detection of lead-bismuth alloy flow parameters and the on-line calibration of LBE electromagnetic flowmeters in the nuclear industry control process.

Xiao Ming, Juergen Kompenhans, Xuejun Sun
Pipe Flow Control and Flow Metering

This paper aims to reveal the relation between pipe flow control and accurate flow metering. Every flow meter is subject to installation effects, because it is calibrated in a fully developed pipe flow (standard pipe flow), that is usually different from the flow condition in the industrial application. Dimensional analysis for flow meters identifies a set of similarity criteria. Kinematic similarity requires to keep the same velocity profile both for calibration and application, that is usually difficult. In order to control the velocity profile of the pipe flow, a spindle-shaped central body, as a passive flow control device, is designed and installed aligned with the axis of the pipe. Numerical simulations indicate that any incoming flow will be conditioned to the same velocity profile in the annular channel. The central body also functions as a throttle to generate differential pressure for a special type of differential pressure (DP) flow meter, which is named SPINDLE. To validate the numerical simulation, calibration experiments have been carried out in different facilities at different organizations worldwide, including NIM China, PTB Germany and CEESI USA. All the results of calibration experiments confirm the CFD analysis.The performance of the SPINDLE flowmeter in critical flow is investigated by numerical simulation and experiment as well.

A. Borchling, C. Kroner
Overview of differences between electronic and mechanical domestic cold water meter

During the last years the share of electronic water meters based on ultrasonic or magnetic-inductive measuring principles installed in households has increased steadily. The question arises to what extent their measuring performance differs from that of classic mechanical water meters. Due to the static measuring principles without moving mechanical components, it is to be expected that electronic water meters are less susceptible to water properties. To gain insights in this regard experiments were conducted with different water qualities (pH, total hardness, particles). In addition, the measurement performance at constant and variable flow rates was evaluated and compared with that of mechanical water meters. The fact that electronic water meters, in contrast to mechanical meters, measure discretely and not continuously was also addressed in the investigations. In particular, it was studied how the sampling interval affects the accuracy with which the total volume is recorded, depending on the time of sampling and the length of the observation period.

Liu Zhe, Wu Yan, Song Chaofan
Exploration and Prospect of intelligent technology for natural gas data acquisition and control system

Verification process for gas flow accurately adjust the actual problem of precision and quality control, research and development for more than a set of suitable for the working conditions of gas source in high-pressure natural gas metering intelligent detection system, the flow control of intelligent controller based on composite algorithm, using the three-dimensional laser scanning and BIM building information model technology to digital reduction verification yard, The industrial application of intelligent verification of natural gas real flow in China is realized. Dynamic processes such as intelligent decision-making, accurate execution and digital perception are completed through the system's independent identification verification task, which greatly improves verification efficiency and verification quality control level.

Liu Yajie, Tian Peng, Liu Yizai, Zhang Yuanming
Research on Measurement Performance Change of Water Meter in Use Based on Multi-stage Sampling Inspection

Water meter measurement data is the basis for users to pay water bills, sewage charges and some enterprises to pay water collection fees, the national administrative departments of measurement of water meters to implement the cycle of calibration, the use of the deadline, the expiration of the rotation of management. Because of the high cost of replacing a large number of water meters, and disassembly will affect the normal production and life of water, so there are still a large number of water meters have exceeded the rotation cycle but still in use. The lack of measurement and testing data for water meters in long-term use in the industry is likely to cause cost disputes between users and water companies, and is not conducive to the water authorities' accurate measurement of the quotas for water users in their jurisdictions, or to the enterprises' accurate accounting of water costs and revenues. At present, most of the domestic residential water meters in use are rotary-wing water meters and screw-wing water meters, and through sorting out the two types of water meters in use in a city, researching the sampling plan, implementing multi-stage sampling and testing, and obtaining statistics on the metering performance of 1920 water meters of various years of use, various specifications and various frequencies of use with a sample capacity of 1920 units. The positive offset and negative offset ratio were compared horizontally. Combined with the characteristics of water meter structure, working principle and error generation mechanism, the analysis was carried out to determine the specific stage of the life cycle of each type of water meter. Water companies, water end-users, and water extraction enterprises can grasp the qualification rate and indicated value error of their water meters based on the research results, which can facilitate the development of disassembly and calibration or rotation plans. The administrative department in charge of metering can refer to the research results and revise the cycle inspection or rotation time in the relevant metering technical regulations with the current economic development. Therefore, the research results have high application value.

Liu Wei, Li Li, Wang Zhiyu, Pan Qin, Huang Xin
Uncertainty Analysis of Flow Measurement of the VOCs Sampler

In this paper, the flow measurement uncertainty of the VOCs sampler is analyzed in detail which is widely applied in environmental monitoring, medical and health care, factories, and mining enterprises. Based on the detection of the soap film flow-meter standard device and the mass flow-meter standard device, the mathematical and physical uncertainty model of the VOCs sampler is derived and obtained. The flow measurement uncertainty is evaluated and analyzed respectively based on the mathematical and physical uncertainty models of two standard devices. The relative expansion uncertainty of the soap film flow-meter standard device and the mass flow-meter standard device for detecting VOCs sampler is calculated to be 0.9 % and 1.4 % respectively. There is a difference in the relative expanded uncertainty of the two standard devices for detecting VOCs samplers, which is mainly due to the difference in the standard uncertainty introduced in the standard device and the repeatability test. In particular, the above process and result analysis are effective for the VOCs sampler with the high-precision electronic flow-meter as the standard conditions.

P. G. Spazzini, G. La Piana, A. Piccato, V. Delnegro, M. Viola

Flow leaks are small devices that generate a well-determined flow when subject to a pressure differential (feed pressure). Such devices are widely used in the industry for the easy generation of flows, which can be used for several applications. In order to be correctly included in a Quality Management System (QMS), they need to be calibrated against a reference flow. Such calibration depends on the feed pressure and on the fluid density through a complex relation which can be derived from the modified Darcy law, therefore results of a calibration performed in a given condition are not necessarily valid when the leak is used in different conditions (e.g. different atmospheric pressure, ambient temperature). In the present paper we will show how to obtain a correct renormalization of the calibration results, which, if applied in use, allows to compute precisely the actual flow rate generated by the leak. The renormalization is based on the modified Darcy law, and therefore requires the determination of the leak permeability. A mathematical description of the renormalization will be presented. Additionally, a method for the experimental determination of the permeability will be discussed. The effect of the renormalization on the output of the leak will be demonstrated through a set of example cases, obtained in various environmental conditions within our laboratory. It will be shown that, first the calibration uncertainty can be reduced dramatically by applying the correct normalization, and second that the in-use uncertainty can be brought to be of the same order of magnitude as the calibration uncertainty

Page 6 of 907 Results 51 - 60 of 9067